Introduction

Mumbai ,formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. With an estimated population of 20.5 million, it is the largest metropolis in India and one of the most populous cities in the world. The Mumbai Metropolitan Area which includes cities of Navi Mumbai & Thane, is also the world's 5th most populated metropolitan area.

There are so many Places around Mumbai to see . Which include Temples, Historical Places, Hill station, Wild Life and Waterfalls etc.
This site help to find out known-unknown places around Mumbai. which can be one or two day picnic for People and children's who don't have time.
Then What you are Thinking Lets Plan to see Nature..
Showing posts with label Thanala Caves. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Thanala Caves. Show all posts

Tuesday, May 8, 2012

Thanale Caves (NeaR Pali)



These caves are some of the most ancient rock-cut temples not only in Maharashtra but in whole India and were located at complex site of the trade route, where the path goes through complicated mountain pass. Here have been found punch-marked silver coins from the times of Emperor Ashoka (268 - 227 BC). Thus it is possible that they were created in 3rd century BC, although it is possible also that they were built somewhat later. At their heyday these temples were luxurious and most likely quite influential. It is possible that these caves are "Siristan" mentioned in inscriptions at Pandav Leni Caves, Nashik.
At the end of 5th century AD the port of Chaul declined and trade routes changed. Around this time caves were abandoned. Once lively and beautiful complex of temples was forgotten.
In January 1890 caves were rediscovered to the science by missionary J.A.Abnot, although earlier these caves served as a hideout to revolutionary Vasudev Balwant Phadke.
Nowadays the beautiful location and exciting aura of these caves has turned them into popular destination for trekkers. Unfortunately this has turned into humiliation of Indian heritage - beautiful stone-cut ornaments and sculptures of gods and goddesses are covered with worthless graffiti left by "lovers".


Description

Ancient rock-cut chambers are located in beautiful mountainous site. Most frequently used path starts in Thanale village and goes through dense forest, along waterfalls and mountain scenery.
Caves are located at the foot of overhanging enormous cliff. All caves are cut in a row. Unfortunately time has taken its toll - facades of caves have been lost due to natural circumstances - fall of rocks. Southernmost 8 - 10 caves are blocked by collapse of cave roof.
In total there were made 28 caves. Several caves have exquisite adornment - stone carvings on portals of the doors and ceilings including an impressive relief above the cell-door showing serpent deity - naga.
Cave 3 (counting from the northern side) contains 13 stupas.
Cave 13 contains remnants of plaster with paintings, discovered by M.N.Deshpande. Most likely these paintings were created in late period in the history of these caves - circa 5 century AD. Ancient artists used just a few colors - red and two shades of yellow, dark blue and white.
Other Points to See:
There is a Hot Spring water source Just Ahead of pali, 

Address:Asia, India, Maharashtra, Raigad district, some 55 - 60 km west from Pune, 11 km east from Pali, 1.6 km south-east from Thanale village
can reach from
Pali - Ballaleshwar (Ashtavinayak)
Alternate names:Thanala Caves
Age:3rd - 1st century BC
Religion:Buddhism





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